How to Customize the Title Attribute with CSS

Table of Contents

  1. Changing the Style of the Title Attribute using CSS
  2. Styling the Element’s Hover and ::after Separately
  3. Using a Different Style for the Custom Title
  4. Simulating a Custom Title by Showing an Element on Hover

Changing the Style of the Title Attribute using CSS

To give the title attribute a unique style using CSS, follow these steps:

  1. Set the data-title attribute on the element to the value of the title attribute.
  2. When the user hovers over the element, use ::after to create a pseudo-element that displays the custom title.

Styling Title Attribute Using After

In the first step, assign the value of the title attribute to the new data-title attribute. This will be used to show the custom title when the user hovers over the element.

Make sure to set the position of the element to relative so that the tooltip’s position can be set to absolute.

Next, employ the attr() CSS function to directly access the value of the data-title attribute within the stylesheet.

You can also customize the color of the title text.

The ::after pseudo-element is created as the last child of the selected element.

The content of the pseudo-element will be the text from the data-title attribute.

To position the tooltip, set the element’s position to absolute and utilize the top and left properties.

If the title text’s width exceeds that of the element, you may need to increase the width property on hover or directly on the element itself.

We use the custom data-title attribute so that the native title attribute doesn’t interfere with the custom title.

Keep in mind that the native title attribute cannot be styled directly through CSS.

However, by creating a custom title, you gain the ability to apply your desired style.

The style of the native title attribute varies slightly between browsers as it is defined by each browser individually.

Styling the Element’s Hover and ::after Separately

In certain cases, you may want to style the element’s :hover state and ::after pseudo-element separately.

Here is an example that demonstrates this, utilizing a box-shadow to style the custom title.

Styling Title Hover and After Separately

The ::after pseudo-element is styled separately.

We again use the attr() function to get the value of the data-title attribute, as seen in the previous example.

This time, we also apply the box-shadow CSS property to create a shadow effect.

Initially, we set the element’s opacity to 0 and visibility to hidden.

When the user hovers over the element, the pseudo-element’s visibility is changed to visible and its opacity to 1.

A transition is also set to create a quick animation when the tooltip becomes visible.

Styling Title Hover and After Separately

Feel free to adjust the values of the bottom and left CSS properties to position the custom title to your liking.

Position Custom Title Somewhere Else

The following example illustrates the difference between a custom title and the native title attribute.

Custom Title vs Native Title

Using a Different Style for the Custom Title

Here is an example that showcases a style closely resembling that of a native title attribute.

Using a Different Style for the Custom Title

The provided code employs the background-image CSS property to create a gradient background for the custom title.

Simulating a Custom Title by Showing an Element on Hover

You can also simulate a custom title by showing an element on hover.

In this case, there is no need to create a pseudo-element using ::after.

Instead, a hidden span element is nested within the a tag.

The a element’s position is set to relative.

Next, hide the span element by setting its display attribute to none.

When the user hovers over the a element, the display property of the span element is set to block, revealing the custom title.

To position the title text elsewhere, utilize the top and left CSS properties.

Depending on the width of your title text, you may also need to adjust the value of the width property.

Additional Resources

To delve further into related topics, refer to the following tutorials: